Learn all about the factors that favor the loss of hair, the most important treatments and the best form of prevention
Hair is one of the biggest factors in our image. To your fall in quantities hemotivation involves, in most cases, a feel of low self-esteem.
We must follow between a dist in hair loss, which belongs to the natural evolution of the pilar cycle, and other fall related to patoló situations gicas.
Stress, menopause, pregnancy, among other factors, may lead to a sudden loss of hair, which must be accompanied by a dermatologist. In this article,we explain you what are the most common causes of hair loss, the most suitable of the treatments and some tricks.
In the process of hair growth, about 90% grows at the same time, a process that can last between two to six years. The remaining 10% are in resting phase, this phase has a duration of two to three months, fin of which the hairwill eventually fall.
According to José Manuel Lee Fields, dermatologist, «if con siderarmos a medium number of 100000 folícu los follicles on the scalp, a fall of 50 to 100hairs daily may be considered normal. If you exceed that number, this is a that the excessive ‘.
The most important thing is that the hairs are lost to be recovered. So, if a fall in normal amount does not correspond to an equal replacement, will probably arise in the medium term, a problem of baldness.
Types of fall
Hair loss or alopecia can occur under two types, scarring and non-scarring.«In the first, include for example burning, radiation treatments and the cia several diseases as severe drought and higher temperatures lupus, tuberculosis, sarcoidiose among others.
The scar, not more frequent is alopecia androgenetic, with a genetic and hormonal.
There is also to consider the flood telogénico, alopecia areata, which can cause bald spots of dimensions and number variables to the total loss of hair in a few days (in most situations), and tri cotilomania, which generally occursin younger age groups», explains José Manuel Campos Lopes.
Each of these types of fall comes from a different factor.
Some of the factors that give rise to excessive hair loss are associated with cas/característi lifestyle of each individual, while others rely on external elements, such as the changing seasons of the year.
José Manuel Campos Lopes, explains that ‘ in the telogénico flood, what can happen is the bio logical clock that controls the hair cycle be pertroubled. This happens for a variety of causes, ranging from taking some drugs (antico agulantes, beta blockers or antidepressants), stress, postpartumsituations, phases of surgery and infectious diseases (including AIDS) ‘.
See next page: other factors to be taken into account
Also the seasonal rhythms that alter the chronobiology of the organism causes the flood telogé nico is associated to certain seasons of the year.
Fernando Guerra, dermatologist, explains that “the androgenetic alopecia,which is based in hormonal and dulas glân excess hormone mascu lina, will lead to the increase of Seborrhea of the scalp, which may or may not be accompanied by the pitiriase capitis, which is peeling».
The alo pécia areata ‘ has a cause and immune related to stress. Trichotillomania, which can already be included in psychological disorders, is you in handling which leads to rip metodica mind in certain areas of the scalp», differentiates the expert.
As in any pathology, treatment should depend on the cause and can be done both the hormonal level as stimulating growth. Fernando Guerra says that ‘ there are production tos topics and oral medicines, depending on the severity of the situation.
On hair loss alopecia, beyond correction with cham put anti-seborreicos, that is fundamental, should use substances that can alleviate the fall, notablycontaining minoxidil, a vessel dilator also used as anti-hiperten sor ‘.
In women, the way to fall and treat ment is diverse. So, in some cases where the woman has a normal male hormone, ‘ taking the pill as estrogen or estrogen pills are associated with cipro terona acetate (a antiandrogénico, this is anti-hormo in man), or taking a antiandrogé nio as flutamide can decrease this fall and even cure it», says Fernando Guerra.
Hygiene and prevention against falling
-Wash the head once a week with anti-seborreico shampoo.
-The remaining washes should be done with a shampoo with PH 5.5 troneu, the pe le. You should not use basic products but rather acidic.
-If there is a thing nor bad and seasonal (at this time there may be a drop more sharp shoo ada), should be used simple lotions that exist to continueuntil the fall of hair and which contain amino acids that will regenerate topically the scalp, correcting that the occasional.
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